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  | ARTICLE  | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 14,  Issue 6, Pages 266-271 (June, 2022)
   Research Article 1
 
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  American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
Authors Contact

*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2022:

| Tricha Walu Kumelundu *1 | Denis Kakongo Kandolo 1| Dieudonné Ngoy Mumba 2 | Olivier Tita Fataki 2 | et | Kumel Kasongo Kumelundu 1 |

Affiliation.


1. Institut Supérieur des Techniques Médicales de Kinshasa | Département de Microbiologie & Immunologie | Kinshasa | République Démocratique du Congo |
2. Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale | Département de Parasitologie | Kinshasa | Kinshasa | République Démocratique du Congo|


This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Tricha-Ref11-ajira130522 | 
| JUNE | VOLUME 14 | ISSUE N° 6 | 2022 |
ABSTRACT

Context: Onchocerciasis or river blindness is a neglected tropical and endemic parasitic disease of slow evolution. It constitutes a heavy burden for the poor populations of several regions of sub-Saharan Africa with approximately 99% of the population at risk followed by Latin America and Yemen which also suffer from it. This parasitosis due to Onchocerca volvulus which makes the victims bedridden by the total and irreversible loss of sight. This nematode transmitted by Simulium spp reproduces in fast-flowing rivers and streams where humans become infected after being bitten by the vector carrying the pathogen. The DRC remains concerned in its extent by this pathology which is a major problem of public health and whose study was undertaken within the framework of the control of the endemic. Objective: To evaluate Onchocerca volvulus infection in the Province of Kinshasa City in an urban environment. Methods: It is a cross-sectional prospective study which consisted in determining the importance of this infection in the Commune of Ngaliema with 154 participants, 77 of whom carry out daily socio-economic activities on the Congo River and 77 inhabitants of the neighboring the river, but who go about their business outside their homes. This work used the sampling technique based on dermal scarification at the level of the deltoid muscle of the respondents. The dermal juice collected on a microscope slide was dried and stained with Giemsa then examined under a microscope. The results obtained were analyzed using the Pearson Chi2 test. Results: Of 154 participants, 13 were helminth carriers that is, 8.4%. Of the 13 carriers, 7 cases belonged to the first group and 6 to the second, with 4.5% and 3.9% respectively. Between these two study groups, no significant difference was obtained (P=0.77). Conclusion: This study led to results that evoke the persistence of Onchocerca volvulus infection in that urban entity. Ivermectin treatment and the vector control should be intensified to the management of this parasitosis
Keywords: Onchocerca volvulus, urban environment, dermal scarification, Kinshasa-Ngaliema.
EVALUATION DE L’INFECTION À Onchocerca volvulus DANS LA COMMUNE DE NGALIEMA DE LA VILLE PROVINCE DE KINSHASA EN RÉPUBLIQUE DÉMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO : ETUDE EFFECTUÉE PAR LA TECHNIQUE DE SCARIFICATION DERMIQUE

ASSESSMENT OF Onchocerca volvulus INFECTION AT THE COMMUNE OF NGALIEMA IN THE
PROVINCE OF KINSHASA CITY IN REPUBLIC OF THE DEMOCRATIC OF THE CONGO:
STUDY CARRIED OUT USING THE TECHNIQUE OF DERMAL SCARIFICATION



|Tricha Walu Kumelundu *1 | Denis Kakongo Kandolo 1| Dieudonné Ngoy Mumba 2 | Olivier Tita Fataki 2 | et | Kumel Kasongo Kumelundu 1 |.  Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci.  2022; 14(6):266-271.

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