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American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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  | ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 7,  Issue 4, Pages 208-214 (October 2018)
Research Article
 
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
| OCTOBER VOLUME 7 | N° 3  | 2018 |
Authors Contact

*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2018:

| Sanaa Sabour Alaoui 1* | and | Sidi Mohamed Lalaoui Ben cherif 2  |  

Affiliation.


1. Team of Biology & Health | Laboratory of Biotechnology & Sustainable Development of Natural Resources | Polydisciplinary faculty of Beni Mellal | University of Sultan Moulay Sliman-Beni Mellal | Morocco |

2. Research Laboratory in Management, Economics and Social Sciences | Faculty of Juridical, Economic and Social Sciences | Université Chouaïb Doukkali- El Jadida | Morocco |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: | ID Article | Sanaa-ManuscriptRef.7-ajira250918 |
 
Abstract


Background: Breast milk is the best food for the child, which is recommended not to replace it with artificial milk; it's a way to prevent disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends six months of exclusive breastfeeding. Objective The main objective of this study was to assess the current situation of breastfeeding at the city of Beni Mellal in Morocco and the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and to study factors and the reasons influencing breastfeeding among mothers. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire among mothers visiting primary healthcare centers in Beni Mellal between Mars 2017 to Mai 2018. Mothers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results: A total of 250 mothers participated in the study. The results show that 67.2% of these women use exclusive breastfeeding and 26.8% use artificial milk in addition to breast milk and 6% use artificial milk alone. Our results show that neither age nor employment nor the number of children nor the place of residence influences the choice of exlusive breastfeeding among the women surveyed. Only the educational level that has a significant impact (p = 0.01, p<0.05). The prevalence is higher (40%) among the educated than among the illiterate or primary school (27.2%). We have found that only 63.2% of women have given breast milk for the first hour after delivery despite the importance of colostrums. Among the reasons given by women for non-exclusive breastfeeding mode, the nutritional reason is mainly due to the decrease in milk production, which is 38.7% and Milk pumping 24.19%. Also the psychosocial reasons of the fatigue of the mothers of the breastfeeding were indicated by 19.35%. In our study women have been informed by 50% of cases (doctor, midwife and nurse). Conclusions: Exclusive breastfeeding is declining in the region of Beni Mellal in Morocco. This could be due to a low level of information and schooling, hence the importance of improving strategies for the care of young mothers during the pre- and post-natal phases.
Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, Breastfeeding practice, Reasons and factors for stopping breastfeeding, Beni Mellal and Morocco.

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CURRENT SITUATION AND FACTORS INFLUENCING BREASTFEEDING AMONG WOMEN VISITING PRIMARY HEALTHCARE MEDICAL CENTERS ON BENI MELLAL IN MOROCCO


| Sanaa Sabour Alaoui *1 | and | Sidi Mohamed Lalaoui Ben cherif 2  |.  Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2018; 7(4):208-214.

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XML FILE  |    |  Received | 22 September 2018 |    | Accepted 02 September   | Published | 12 October 2018 |