American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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| ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 215-219 (October 2018)
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences
ISSN 2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
| OCTOBER VOLUME 7 | N° 3 | 2018 |
*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2018:
| Hassna Jaber *1 | Rachid Ijoub 1 | Asmaa Oubihi 1 | Imane Ouryemchi 1 |Miloud Chakit 2 |Brahim Bourkhiss 1 | and | Mohammed Ouhssine 1 |
1. Ibn Tofail University | Department of Biology | Laboratory of Agrophysiologie, Biotechnology, environment, and Quality | Kenitra | Morocco|
2. Ibn Tofail University | Department of Biology | Laboratory of Genetics, Neuro-endocrinology and Biotechnology | Kenitra | Morocco |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID Article | Jaber-ManuscriptRef.1-ajira270718 |
Background: The intensive use of veterinary drugs contributes to the emergence of bacterial resistance. Indeed, the most worrying problem is the appearance of multi-resistant bacteria knowing that some strains are resistant to all known antibiotics. Objective: The objective of this work is to determine the prevalence of Escherichia coli multi-resistance isolated from turkey meat marketed at Kenitra city (Morocco). Material and methods: 82 Escherichia coli strains were isolated from turkey meat marketed in Kenitra city (Morocco). The resistance to 14 antibiotics was done by the standard antibiogram method with inhibition diameters. Results: The antibiogram has revealed a very good sensitivity of strains against four antibiotics: Gentamicin (95.1%), Ampicillin (89%), Colistin (86.5%) and Enrofloxacin (80.4%). However, a mean sensitivity was observed in three antibiotics: Spectinomycin (52.4%) Trimethoprim / Sulfamethoxazole (46.3%) and Ciprofloxacin (42.6%). In addition, the highest percentages of resistance were observed in Erythromycin (97.5%), Tetracycline (95.1%), Norfloxacin (92.6%), Kanamycin (82.9%), Nalidixic acid (79.2%) and Cefalotin (67%). These results reveal a difference in the prevalence of Escherichia coli resistance against all antibiotics. Conclusion: This study shows that the Escherichia coli presented in turkey meat are multi-resistant against all tested antibiotics.
Keywords: Antibiotic, Public health, residue, Intoxication, multidrug.
ANTIBIORESISTANCE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI STRAINS ISOLATED FROM TURKEY MEAT MARKETED IN KENITRA CITY (MOROCCO)
| Hassna Jaber 1 | Rachid Ijoub 1 | Asmaa Oubihi 1 | Imane Ouryemchi 1 | Miloud Chakit 2 | Brahim Bourkhiss 1 | and | Mohammed Ouhssine 1 |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2018; 7(4):215-219.
| PDF FULL TEXT | | Abstract and Author Contact | | XML FILE | | Received | 27 July 2018 | | Accepted | 03 September 2018 | Published | 13 October 2018 |