American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
| ISSN: 2429-5396 (e) | www.american-jiras.com | |
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| ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 257-264 (October 2018)
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences
ISSN 2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
| OCTOBER VOLUME 7 | N° 3 | 2018 |
*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2018:
| Nadia Ouzennou 1,2* | Samia R’kha 2 | Abdelmounaim Baslam 3 | and | Abdellatif Baali 2 |
1. ISPITS | Higher Institute of Nursing and Technical Health | Marrakech | Morocco |
2: Laboratory of Human Ecology, Department of Biology | Faculty of Sciences Semlalia | Cadi Ayyad University | Marrakech | Morocco |
3. Laboratory of Science and Health Technologies | Higher Institute of Health Sciences | Hassan First University | Settat | Morocco |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Ouzennou-ManuscriptRef.6-ajira190918 |
Background: In morocco, diabetes is considered as one of major public health issues, and considered the second cause of death. Increased risk for diabetes is primarily associated with age, ethnicity, family history of diabetes, obesity, and physical inactivity. The demographic, socio-economic and cultural environment in which the patient lives influences his lifestyle and management of the disease. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 298 type-2 diabetic patients in Essaouira province attended health center and Mogador association for diabetes. Results: 43% of participants are aged between 40 and 60 Y, rate illiteracy is 58.8%, only 12% have reached higher education and 70% are an employed during the study. Mean duration of diabetes is 12.23Y. Many significates associated factors are linked to complications in our context: recruitment place, matrimonial status, age; instruction level, family history, age of onset of diabetes, and balanced diabetes. Only 41.4% of participants had un balanced diabetes and 31.5% of patients had complications such as decreased visual acuity (the main complication 14%), hypertension (8,3%), kidney failure and cardio vascular diseases (9,2%). Conclusion: Need-based diabetes awareness, management, and control policy such as patient education, improving socio economic conditions, early diagnosis, and life-style modification; specialized health professionals for better control and care in diabetic patients.
Keywords: Diabetes, complications, associated factors, Essaouira, Morocco.
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPLICATIONS IN A GROUP OF MOROCCAN DIABETIC PATIENTS
| Nadia Ouzennou 1,2* | Samia R’kha 2 | Abdelmounaim Baslam 3 | and | Abdellatif Baali 2 |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2018; 7(4):257-264.
| PDF FULL TEXT | | XML FILE | | Received | 17 September 2018 | | Accepted | 27 October 2018 | | Published | 29 October 2018 |