American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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| ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 307-311 (November 2017)
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences
ISSN 2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
| NOVEMBER | VOLUME 5 | N° 5 | 2017 |
*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2017:
| Obubu Maxwell | Okoye Valentine Chizolu | Omoruyi Frederick | and | Ngonadi Lillian Oluebube |
Nnamdi Azikiwe University | Department of Statistics | P.M.B 5025, Awka | Nigeria |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Obubu-ManuscriptRef.2-ajira071017 |
Background: Over the last two decades, infant and child survival has remained a top global priority. In an effort to reduce child mortality, massive investment has been made to improve access to health-care, nutrition, hygiene and sanitation, and promote exclusive breastfeeding. As a result, all regions of the world have shown reductions in under-five and Infant mortality rate (IMR). However, these achievements are challenged by disparities that persist among regions and within countries. Objective: To examine the determinants of Infant Mortality and Post-neonatal Mortality in Northern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Secondary data sourced from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was used, the study utilized survival analysis technique, basically Cox Regression analysis. Results and Conclusion: Analytical findings reveals that maternal age, birth order/preceding birth interval and source of drinking water are significantly related to post-neonatal mortality in Northern Nigeria. Also, occupation of the mother, birth order/preceding birth interval and source of drinking water were found to be significantly related to infant mortality in Northern Nigeria.
Keywords: Post-neonatal Mortality, Survival Analysis, Cox’s proportional hazards model, Northern Nigeria, Neonatal Infection, Malnutrition.
INFANT MORTALITY, A CONTINIUING SOCIAL PROBLEM IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: COX REGRESSION APPROACH
| Obubu Maxwell | Okoye Valentine Chizolu | Omoruyi Frederick | and | Ngonadi Lillian Oluebube |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2017; 5(5):307-311.
| PDF FULL TEXT | | Received | 06 September 2017 | | Accepted | 16 October 2017 | | Published 20 October 2017 |