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American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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  | ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 5,  Issue 1, Pages 272-XX (July 2017)
Research Article
 
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
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| JULY | VOLUME 5 | N° 1 | 2017 |
Authors Contact
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Ibrahim-ManuscriptRef.2-ajira100517  |
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT WORK IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CRITICAL REVIEW

   |  Habiba A. Ibrahim   |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2017; 5(1):1-6.

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| Received | 10 May 2017 |                | Accepted | 06 June 2017 |                | Published 13 June 2017 |
ABSTRACT

Background: Global poverty is one among the biggest crisis facing the world today. Half of the worlds’ population lives below the poverty line of two dollars a day. An estimated 22,000 children under the age of five die each day due to poverty. Reducing the global poverty especially in developing countries has been a discussion across the world capitals for the past several decades. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been at the forefront in developing countries providing services, conducting emergency operations and development work. As a result, scholarly work on the work of NGOs in developing countries has grown.  Objective: The aim of this article is to conduct a review of the scholarly work on the achievements of NGOs in poverty reduction. It specifically aims to tally whether there is more conceptual research or empirical work to support the work of NGOs. Methods: Retrieval of published work in this field using combination of various search words in different data bases. Results: There has been a surge of non-governmental organization (NGOs) to provide services and development programs in developing countries. NGOs have played a critical role including: providing social services, advocacy and institutional capacity building and development work. NGOs were celebrated for their critical role in serving the poor and providing services in areas where government could not serve. On the other hand, NGOs were criticized for their lack of focus and ‘one size-fit-all’ approach to development. Conclusions: This article provides a critical review of the normative and empirical literature on development work. It concludes with recommendations for future direction. More empirical work needs to be done that would build the body of knowledge and that would provide impetus for policies that will support the work of NGOs that are working on anti-poverty programs and will inform the policy making process. The lack of follow-up studies and evaluations and the resulting ignorance about which policies are effective has led to enormous lost opportunities.

Keywords: Poverty, NGOs, International NGOs, Developing countries, Global poverty
*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2017:

|  Habiba A. Ibrahim 1 |
Affiliation.

1. Washington University | Education | St. Louis | USA |