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  | ARTICLE  | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 12,  Issue 3, Pages 62-67 (March 2021)
   Research Article 2
 
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| MARCH | VOLUME 12 | N° 3 | 2021 |
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  American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2021:

 
| Fatiha Hakimi | and | Mohamed Brech |


Affiliation.

Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine | Department of production, protection and plant biotechnology | Agronomy unit |Rabat | Morocco |

This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Hakimi-Ref3-ajira640221 |
*Corresponding author Author & Copyright Author © 2021: | Fatiha Hakimi * |. All Rights Reserved. All articles published in American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied
Sciences are the property of Atlantic Center Research Sciences, and is protected by copyright laws CC-BY. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
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American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
ABSTRACT

Background:
Peri-urban agriculture is of vital importance for food security in Africa as in the world because of its role in supplying cities with agricultural products and in combating unemployment. However, this agriculture is confronted by a myriad of challenges which include legal constraints mainly the absence of laws regulating this activity and the obligation of some farmers in the peri-urban area to pay housing taxes and technical constraints such as insufficient workforce and high labor costs, difficult access to irrigation water, lack of training and technical supervision and support from the concerned body. Objectives: The study aims to assess the socio-economic contributions of peri-urban farming to livelihoods and the constraints faced by farmers in study area, at the periphery of Rabat Metropolis. Methods: Using interviews, field observations and surveys, data were collected from 50 randomly sampled farmers. Results: According to the major findings of the study, the main types of peri-urban farming practices in the study area includes: horticulture or production of fruits and vegetables, crop farming and some livestock rearing such as beef farming, sheep farming and poultry farming. We found that peri-urban agriculture contributes significantly to household food security and nutrition, income, and employment of farmers and enhances economic use of land and environmental beatification of the city. Conclusion: The findings of this study have important policy implications for urban food security and nutrition, and sustainable development.
Keywords: Rabat, Peri-urban farming, Agricultural techniques, Sustainable development, Food security, Morocco.
MULTIFUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE IN RABAT: ITS PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION OF THE METROPOLIS


Fatiha Hakimi | and | Mohamed Brech |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2021; 12(3):61-67.

  | PDF FULL TEXT | | XML FILE |  | Received | FEbruary 20, 2021 | | Accepted | March 01, 2021 |  | Published |  March 08, 2021 |