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  | ARTICLE  | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 12,  Issue 3, Pages 62-77 (March 2021)
   Research Article 2
 
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| MARCH | VOLUME 12 | N° 3 | 2021 |
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  American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2021:

| Azaki, J.B*   | Mundi, R | and | Dakyes, S.P |


Affiliation.

Department of Geography and Environmental Management | University of Abuja | Nigeria |

This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Azaki-Ref3-ajira240221   |
*Corresponding author Author & Copyright Author © 2021: | Azaki, J.B* |. All Rights Reserved. All articles published in American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied
Sciences are the property of Atlantic Center Research Sciences, and is protected by copyright laws CC-BY. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
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American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
Abstract

Background: Despite the formulation and implementation of child’s health policies and strategic plans over the years, Nigeria is among the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with high under-five mortality rate. Objective: The study investigated the environmental determinants of under-five mortality in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Methods: Using multi-stage sampling technique, 625 women aged 15-49 years were selected. Out of 625 structured questionnaires administered to the respondents, 603 were retrieved, giving the response rate of 96.5%. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were employed to analyse the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents. Cross-tabulation was used to analyse the distribution of under-five mortality experienced by women based on the environmental factors. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the environmental factors influencing under-five mortality in the study area. Results: The results of the study revealed that 35.7% of women experienced under-five mortality in Kebbi state and cross-tabulation results suggested that the highest under-five deaths occurred among women that do not treat water (66%), while the least (3.3%) among those that use electricity as cooking fuel. The results of the Logistic regression analysis revealed that at P-value <0.05, source of water, frequency of washing water container, water treatment, method of disposing waste water, type of toilet, shared toilet, frequency of washing toilet, method of disposing child’s stool, type of cooling appliance, number of persons per room, use of mosquito net, refuse disposal method and type of cooking fuel were found to be the environmental factors significantly associated with under-five mortality in Kebbi state. Conclusion: The study therefore concluded that environmental factors are determinants of under-five mortality in the study area. It was therefore recommended that government should provide adequate infrastructure such as potable water, safe toilets, drainage system and refuse disposal facilities for public use.
Keywords: Environmental determinants, Under-five, Mortality, Kebbi state
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINANTS OF UNDER-FIVE
MORTALITY IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA


| Azaki, J.B*   | Mundi, R | and | Dakyes, S.P |. Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2021; 12(3):62-77.

  | PDF FULL TEXT | | XML FILE |   | Received | FEbruary xx, 2021 | | Accepted | March xx, 2021 |  | Published |  March xx, 2021 |