| ARTICLES | Am. J. Inn. Res. Appl Sci. Volume 1, Issue 10, Pages 389-396 (December 2015)
| Chukwudeh Stephen Okechukwu |. American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied Sciences. 2015; 1(10):389-396.
|Received | 16 October 2015| |Accepted | 20 November | |Published | 22 December 2015|
Background: Household Income is a significant determinant of under-five mortality in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. The increasing number of parental unemployment is a
challenge to child survival in Nigeria. This is because parents’ employment status has implications on household income. This in turn influences the nutrition status of children
less than five years old in each household. Parents’ unemployment may also limit the quantity of resources necessary for optimal child care. However, negligible contemporary
contribution has been paid to the influence of household income on under-five mortality. Objective: Thus, this study investigates the influence of household income on
under-five mortality in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. Material and methods: The culture of poverty theory was adopted for the study. The theory was used to explain the
socialization process of transmitting poverty from one generation to another generation. A total of 800 mothers were sampled using multi-stage sampling technique. First,
stratified sampling technique was used to divide Ibadan into three homogenous groups based on the housing structure and population density of the city. The second stage
is the use of simple random sampling technique to select one locality in each local government areas. The third stage is the use of purposive sampling technique to select
mothers in Ibadan. Result: The result revealed that income does not have significant relationship with infant (children less than one year) death (p >.005) but income may
influence the death of children (1years-<5years) before the age of five years. Conclusion: Free antenatal and post-natal attention should be given to women before and
after birth at state and federal hospitals to help cushion the cost of child care. It was recommended than increased attention should be given to children at all stages of life.
Key words: Hunger, Infant Mortality, Poverty, Socialization, Unemployment.