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American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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  | ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 6,  Issue 1, Pages 67-70 (January 2018)
Research Article
 
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
|
| JANUARY | VOLUME 6 | N° 2  | 2018 |
Authors Contact

*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2018:

| M. Nehiri 1 | EM. Aouane 1 | K. Tarfaoui 1 | S.Choukri 1 | Y. Chaib 1 | S. Inekach 1 | L. Zeghari 2 | N. Berrid | and | M. Ouhssine 1 |

Affiliation.

1. Laboratory of Agro-physiology | Biotechnology | Environment and Quality | Faculty of Sci-ence | Ibn Tofail University | BP 133, Kénitra | Morocco |
2. Laboratory of Nutrition health and environment | Department of Biology | Faculty of Sci-ence | University Ibn Tofail | BP 133 | Kénitra 14 000 | Morocco|
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Nehiri-ManuscriptRef.4-ajira150118 |
ABSTRACT

Background: The common caraway (Carum carvi L), one of the oldest plants known for its pleasant aroma is native to Asia, Europe and North Africa. Its fruits are used in pharmacy, perfumery and human food. Ripe fruits of Carum carvi L are used in the traditional Chinese medicine and other popular medicines. This plant is known for its antispasmodic properties. It is used against stomach irritations, gastrointestinal spasms, and indigestion. It is also advocated against the lack of appetite and dyspepsia in adults. Methods: The fruits of Carum carvi L grown in the region of Meknes (Morocco) provided by hydrodistillation a yield of 1.5% essential oil. Six compounds were identified by GC / MS. D-limonene (23.19%), Thymol (1.29%),
β Myrcene (0.14%), β-Mentha-1,3, 8-triene (0.13%), dihydrocarbon (0.12%). Results: The antibacterial activity of carum carvi L essential oil has been studied on Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus Vulagaris, Pseudonenas aeruginas, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. As a result we recorded a strong antimicrobial activity against five bacterial strains. Conclusion: gas chromatography analysis identified six compounds, the major products were the (R)-carbon (74.06%) and the D-limonene (23.19%) These results are consistent with previous work. The essential oil tested showed a non-negligible antimicrobial activity, probably related to the richness of carvone and limonene. These monoterpenes are known for their antiseptic activity. The antimicrobial effect of the essential oil of Carvi fruits against pathogenic germs makes it possible to envisage its use as an antiseptic agent
Key words: Essential oil, Carum carvi L, chemical composition, antibacterial properties, Morocco.
EVALUATION OF THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF Carum Carvi L ESSENTIAL OIL

    | M. Nehiri 1 | EM. Aouane 1 | K. Tarfaoui 1 | S.Choukri 1 | Y. Chaib 1 | S. Inekach 1 | L. Zeghari 2 | N. Berrid | and | M. Ouhssine 1 |.  Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2018; 6(1):67-70.

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| Received | 07 January 2018 |          | Accepted | 01 February 2018 |         | Published 7 February 2018 |