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American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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  | ARTICLES | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 7,  Issue 3, Pages 198-207 (October 2018)
Research Article
 
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
| OCTOBER VOLUME 7 | N° 3  | 2018 |
Authors Contact

*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2018:

  | Mohamed Ben El Caid *1 | Latifa Salaka 1 | Mohamed Lachheb 1 | Khalid Lagram 1 | Lalla Hadda Atyane 1 | Abdelhamid El Mousadik 1 | and | Mohammed Amine Serghini 1 |. 

Affiliation.


1. Ibn Zohr University | Department of biology | School of sciences | Agadir | Morocco |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: | ID Article | ElCaid-ManuscriptRef.5-ajira160918 | 
ABSTRACT


Background: Saffron spice is the most expensive spice in the world. Its yield is determined by the effect of the genotype of mother corms, their environment and the interaction between both factors. Improving saffron yield and yield components could be accomplished through the evaluation of these effects on progeny corms asexual propagation. Objectives: The aim of the present study was then to evaluate progeny corm productivity of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) under the effects of the provenance of mother corms, the planting site and their interaction. Methods: A multifactorial design was started with four different corms provenances noted Sh, Am, Za and As that were planted in two different sites noted TAL and FSA. Progeny corm number, fresh weight and diameter average as well as total progeny biomass were measured at each harvest. Results: Results indicate morphological polymorphism among saffron mother corms between the provenances. Both tested factors had a significant effect on progeny corm productivity. In term of total useful progeny biomass able to flower with a diameter >2.5cm and mass >11g, Am accession was the highest performing at the FSA coastal site. Furthermore, this planting site showed the best results for other provenances in term of progeny corms quantitative traits. Useful progeny corms productivity was enhanced 7.38 times the starting biomass after only two years compared with Za accession planted in TAL (1.05). This last accession is marked by a described phenomenon characterized by the super-dominance of the first generated corm. Regardless the number of progeny corms, positive correlation was stated between the studied agro-morphometric traits and Am provenance in FSA planting site. Conclusions: This study offers preliminary information of saffron agro-morphometric variability under different plantation sites and allows a clonal selection with the planting conditions that show a clear superiority relating to progeny corms quantitative performance.
Keywords: Saffron, Provenance, Planting site, Corms, Productivity.

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PROVENANCE AND SITE EFFECTS ON PROGENY SAFFRON CORMS (CROCUS SATIVUS) PRODUCTIVITY


| Mohamed Ben El Caid *1 | Latifa Salaka 1 | Mohamed Lachheb 1 | Khalid Lagram 1 | Lalla Hadda Atyane 1 | Abdelhamid El Mousadik 1 | and | Mohammed Amine Serghini 1 |.  Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2018; 7(4):198-207.

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Abstract and Author Contact |     | XML FILE  |     | Received | 15 September 2018 | | Published | 05 October 2018 |