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  | ARTICLE  | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 15,  Issue-2, Pages 18-24 (August, 2022)
   Research Article 3
 
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  American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
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American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences 
ISSN  2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
Authors Contact

*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2022:

|Akpa Alexandre Moïse Akpesse *1 | Germain Elisabeth Cynthia Ochou 2 | Dohouonan Diabaté 3 | Mariam Fofana 1 | Tenon Coulibaly 4 | Thérèse Appoh Perrine Kissi 1 | Kouakou Hervé Koua 1 | and | Kouassi Philippe Kouassi 1 |

Affiliation.


1. University Felix Houphouët-Boigny | UFR Biosciences | Abidjan | Côte d’Ivoire |
2. Centre National de Recherche Agronomique |Laboratoire d’Entomologie | Station de Recherche Marc Delorme | Abidjan | Côte d’Ivoire |
3. University de Man | UFR Ingénierie Forestière et Environnementale |Université de Man| Côte d’Ivoire | 4. University Péléforo Gon Coulibaly | UFR Sciences Biologiques | Korhogo | Côte d’Ivoire |

This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Akpa-Ref2-ajiras090822 | 
| AUGUST | VOLUME 15 | ISSUE N° 2 | 2022 |
ABSTRACT


Introduction: Coconut is a perennial plant whose fruits are very useful in many fields. This culture is subject to many pests including termites. Objective: evaluate the impact of termites in coconut plantations. Methods: In order to identify the termites responsible for damage to coconut palms, a study was carried out at the Marc Delorme research station. Thus, a 3-month-old nursery, a 12-year-old coconut plot considered young and another 51-year-old considered old were the subject of our study. 100 m long and 2 m wide transects subdivided into 20 sections were developed as well as TSBF monoliths and systematic excavations were used for termite collection. Damage was observed on 133 plants on each of the plots and on plants chosen at random from the nursery. Results: The results obtained made it possible to identify seven (7) species of termites: Macrotermes bellicosus, Macrotermes subhyalinus, Ancistrotermes crucifer, Ancistrotermes cavithorax, Odontotermes pauperans, Odontotermes sp. and Amitermes spinifer. Macrotermes subhyalinus is a species common to all three environments. Two trophic groups have been identified. These are the fungus-growers and the wood-feeders with dominance of the fungus-growers. The attack rate varies from plot to plot. Young and old plots have an attack rate of 72.18% and 69.17% respectively. The highest attack rate was recorded on the nursery with 74.64%. Conclusion: It emerges from our work that all the studied plots are subject to termite attacks and it is therefore necessary to set up control methods.
Keywords: Termites, Trophic group, coconut tree, Age gradient, Attack
DIVERSITY AND TERMITE DAMAGE ON COCONUT PLOTS (Cocos nucifera L. 1753) AT THE MARC DELORME RESEARCH STATION IN PORT BOUËT OF CÔTE D’IVOIRE


|Akpa Alexandre Moïse Akpesse *1 | Germain Elisabeth Cynthia Ochou 2 | Dohouonan Diabaté 3 | Mariam Fofana 1 | Tenon Coulibaly 4 | Thérèse Appoh Perrine Kissi 1 | Kouakou Hervé Koua 1 | and | Kouassi Philippe Kouassi 1 |.  Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci.  2022; 15(2):18-24.

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