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| ARTICLE | Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. Volume 12, Issue 5, Pages 207-210 (May, 2021)
Research Article 10
| MAY | VOLUME 12 | N° 5 | 2021 |
| Info-AJIRAS-® Journal ISSN 2429-5396 (Online) / Reference CIF/15/0289M |
American Journal of Innovative Research & Applied Sciences
Corresponding author Autho: | A. Seffar | & Copyright Author © 2021: | Fatiha Hakimi *|. All Rights Reserved. All articles published in American Journal of Innovative
Research and Applied Sciences are the property of Atlantic Center Research Sciences, and is protected by copyright laws CC-BY. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
American Journal of innovative
Research & Applied Sciences
ISSN 2429-5396 (Online)
OCLC Number: 920041286
Background: In almost every city in the world, peri-urban agriculture area is under the pressure of urban growth not only in terms of space consumption but also in terms of loss of its own agricultural coherence. It therefore experiences a change of nature, which forces it to fall back or even to disappear if its space continues to decrease. Objectives: This study focuses on the role of peri-urban agriculture in supplying the metropolis of Rabat, but also on the diversity of its other functions (economic, social and environmental) and on its sustainability. Methods: Through purposive and stratified random sampling methods, 50 respondents were selected. Data collection from farmers was based on field observation, interviews and field surveys. Descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, Chi-square test, tests of normality and homogeneity of variances and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), were used. Results: Peri-urban agriculture in Rabat metropolis is characterized by the specificity and diversity of its production and cultivation systems. Peri-urban farms are mostly familial and small, managed by a very experienced old population, who derive income from them, in either full or in addition to other activities of household members. The most dominant speculation is vegetable crops followed by arboriculture, cereals, leguminous and some livestock rearing such as beef, sheep and poultry farming. However, the recent rapid urban growth is disrupting the traditional structures of peri-urban agriculture; it suffers from many disadvantages of its urban neighborhood and experiences multiple operational difficulties: precariousness and cost of labor force; absence of laws regulating this activity; lack of training and technical supervision of peri-urban farmers and shortage of water resources. Conclusion: Research, particularly in agronomy and economics, can provide answers to reduce these constraints and strengthen the positive impacts of peri-urban agriculture on the fringes of the metropolis.
Keywords: Peri-urban agriculture, sustainability, diversity, Rabat.
*Correspondant author and authors Copyright © 2021:
| Fatiha Hakimi *|
Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine | Department of Production, Protection and Plant
Biotechnology | Agronomy Unit | Rabat | Morocco |
This article is made freely available as part of this journal's Open Access: ID | Hakimi-Ref29-ajira060521 |
DIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABILITY OF PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE: CASE OF THE CITY OF RABAT
| Fatiha Hakimi *|.Am. J. innov. res. appl. sci. 2021; 12(5):207-210.
| PDF FULL TEXT | | XML FILE | | Received | May 06, 2021 | | Accepted | May 1&, 2021 | | Published | May 22, 2021 |